Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften



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Introduction and Explanations

From the Eighteenth Century to the present day, the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities has fostered a growing number of scientific publications. These publications are works produced by Academy projects or writings of the learned society of the Academy. Particularly the latter – published in the Sitzungsberichte (proceedings) or Abhandlungen (treatises) – are intended not only for a specialist audience, but also for the general public. This website aims to disseminate and make available as many publications of the Academy as possible.

1. The Full List

The main index lists all publications of the BAdW available via this website. The publications are sorted by year of publication and by series (in descending order).

This sorting order can be easily changed by a click on the head of the relevant column by which the entries are to be sorted.

For a quick search within the index, use the form above the table, which provides, firstly, a free-text search across all columns or in each column separately and, secondly, drop-down lists for filtering any column that is suitable for such searching by selection.

A chapter below provides more detailed explanations of sorting and search.

The categories used in the index – author, year, title etc. – are those usual in library catalogues. Please note that the publications of the Academy are as a rule assigned to a series, and that this may be a series in the sense of a journal or in the sense of a multivolume work, e. g. an edition.

2. The Permalink Pages with Bibliographical Data and Access to the Full Text

The title of a publication in the index is linked to a page, whose link address is a so-called permanent URL, which will be preserved and can thus be used in citations.

This page contains a link to the publication or several links, if necessary, namely to different versions or parts of the publication. If no link is provided, then the publication is not yet available due to a retention period to protect the publisher, but will be made available after expiry of this period.

Furthermore the page contains the full bibliographical data in different forms of citation, among others RIS and BibTex, as well as a link to the corresponding entry in the B3Kat, the catalogue of the Bavarian library network (Bayerischer Verbundkatalog), which as a rule provides additional bibliographical information. All publications of the Academy are listed in this catalogue. – The bibliographical data are extracted automatically from the B3Kat and are regularly refreshed.

Authors’ or editors’ names are linked to information about the person, if a so-called GND number is provided along with the name.

3. Terms of Use and License

The terms of use are given next to any link to the publication itself after the label License. The license is, as a rule, CC BY, which accords with good academic practice: The publications can be read online, downloaded, saved, printed and shared with others free of charge; the authors or editors of the publications must be named, i. e. their names must be cited in the case of quotations and must be retained within the file if it is shared. In the case of sharing, these terms of use must be also shared. – No credit need be given to any creator of the bibliographical data nor the scans.

4. Sorting by Multiple Columns in the Index

Click on the heading of the very column you want to sort first. Then hold down the Shift key and, holding it down, click on the headings of the other columns.

5. Search in the Index

Firstly, there is a free-text search function for all fields and for those fields found in certain columns; secondly, there is a search function for selected key words with drop-down lists for those columns where it makes sense. The directory is filtered while the data is being entered; this can slow down entry in the case of large volumes of data.

5.1. Drop-down Search: Clear the Selection

In order to clear the selection, click on the empty line nearest to the top.

5.2. Free-Text Search: Settings

If the first checkbox next to the search field (a|A) is checked, the system will not differentiate between upper and lower case letters. (This is the default setting.) If the second checkbox (ab|bca) is checked, the system will search for those fields that contain two expressions entered next to each other in the search field such as harp psalter, although these expressions do not necessarily have to appear next to each other or in this particular sequence. (This is also the default setting.) The greatest number of possibilities is offered by the third checkbox (RE): If this checkbox is checked, the search term will be taken as a so-called regular expression. This enables you to search for alternatives, search according to time periods and much more. More about this in the next section.

5.3. Free-Text Search: Use of Regular Expressions

A regular expression is a sequence of letters with a special pattern of characters. These patterns of characters are primarily used to make a search expression more comprehensive. Apart from the use of full programming languages, regular expressions are the most powerful way to formulate search expressions. A full overview of these patterns of characters can be found in this table. Examples follow: